Adults older than 35 will lose more teeth to gum diseases than to cavities. Three out of four adults will be affected at some point in their lives. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal diseases is by following proper tooth brushing and flossing techniques on a daily basis and making sure you schedule regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people may still develop some form of periodontal disease. Once it starts, professional intervention is necessary to stop it in its tracks before it continue to spread.


Tobacco Use

Tobacco isn’t only bad for your lungs: it’s bad for your teeth, too. Studies have linked severe periodontal diseases with tobacco usage. Tobacco users are more likely to develop tartar formation on the teeth and deeper pockets between gums and teeth. They are subject to greater loss of the bone and fibers that hold teeth in your mouth. Additionally, your chance of developing oral cancer increases with the use of smokeless tobacco.


If you suffer from diabetes, you have a higher risk of developing periodontal diseases. The infections may impair your ability to process insulin, making your diabetes more difficult to control. Periodontal diseases can be more severe in diabetics than in non-diabetics, and treatment will be more difficult. Better control of your sugar levels will help resist periodontal infection.


Stress is already linked to hypertension and cancer, but it can also affect the health of your teeth and gums. Research studies have shown that stress decreases your body’s ability to fight infections, making your mouth vulnerable to periodontal diseases.

Hormonal Changes in Women

Throughout a woman’s life, hormonal changes affect tissue throughout the body. Fluctuations in levels occur during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Throughout those times, the chance of periodontal disease may increase, and you should pay particular attention to your oral health.


Periodontal health should be part of prenatal care. Between the second and eighth month of pregnancy, your gums can swell, bleed and become red or tender. Large lumps may appear as a reaction to irritants. However, these growths are generally painless and not cancerous. They may require professional removal, but usually disappear after pregnancy.

Oral Contraceptives

Swelling, bleeding and tenderness of the gums may also occur when you are taking birth control. When you visit 6th Avenue Periodontics & Implant Dentistry, please mention any prescriptions you are taking, including oral contraceptives, prior to treatment. This will help eliminate the risk of drug interactions which may lessen the effectiveness of your contraceptive.


The look and feel of your mouth can change during menopause. This can include feeling pain and burning in your gum tissue or salty, peppery or sour tastes.

Clenching + Grinding Teeth

Clenching your teeth can put unwanted pressure on the tissues and joints surrounding your teeth, accelerating the progress of any periodontal disease you may already have.

Poor Nutrition

Not getting the proper nutrients can mean your body’s immune system doesn’t have the right tools to fight an infection in your gums when it starts, putting you at risk for advanced periodontal disease. Research has also found links between periodontal diseases and obesity.


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