Dental restoration is a broad topic that encompasses a number of procedures we perform at 6th Avenue Periodontics & Implant Dentistry. Each is designed to do a specific job, but all share the same goal – improving the health and appearance of your teeth, gums and jaw through the most-effective and least-invasive method.
A filling is a composite material that is placed directly into the prepared tooth. We do this when it is simple to remove the damaged portion of the tooth and the remainder has not been negatively affected.
These are white filling materials in a different form that are used to fill the decay-prone grooves of the back teeth. These are commonly used as a preventative measure in children 6 to 18.
Porcelain inlays are used in many of the same situations are fillings, but these will last two to three times longer because they are made of a piece of ceramic material that is bonded into the tooth. Inlays are a high-quality alternative to a composite filling.
If a tooth is fractured or severely decayed, a ceramic onlay can cover all or most of the biting surface. An onlay is a more conservative treatment than a crown because it does not cover the entire visible tooth structure, meaning there is no need to grind away the sides of the tooth unless there are special circumstances.
A crown is the largest single tooth restoration option, covering all exposed portions of the tooth. These are used typically when there is limited viable tooth structure left to work with remaining.
These are thin, porcelain facings that cover the front side of teeth. Their purpose is cosmetic, changing the length, color and/or shape of each tooth. There is minimal preparation involved and the process is non-invasive, making veneers an excellent choice for a cosmetic make-over. Also available is an even simpler, more modern option called Lumineers.
A bridge is used to replace missing teeth when strong “anchor” teeth are located on each side of the gap. There are numerous bridge options, including fiber-reinforced ceramics, zirconium-based ceramics and porcelain-and-metal bridges.
These are titanium posts surgically placed into the jawbone. Several months after placement, the jawbone typically grows around the implant, which allows for additional restoration work to take place, such as crowns.
These dentures replaces missing teeth when insufficient teeth remain to support a fixed bridge, or when a patient is not a good candidate for dental implants. Partial dentures can be metal- or acrylic-based.
When no teeth remain and implants are not an option, a full set of dentures can be used. In today’s world of dentistry and periodontics, this is considered a very last resort.
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